ULEV Performance

Driving

Electric vehicles are quiet, smooth, have very swift acceleration. All mass-market electric cars are able to achieve similar speeds to their petrol and diesel counterparts in everyday driving. Some pure electric cars can reach speeds up to 155mph where permitted and even reasonably priced EVs, like the Nissan Leaf, are able to cruise very comfortably at motorway speeds. In an electric car, 100% of torque is available from a standstill, this means electric vehicles have nearly unmatched off-the-line acceleration when compared to similar petrol and diesel cars is their class. For more information on speed and vehicle performance, visit the manufacturers’ websites.

Range

Currently, some plug-in hybrid electric vehicles have a range of up to 700 miles and most 100% electric cars offer a range greater than 100 miles.

Range is also increasing; the new model of the Renault Zoe (one of the cheapest full-electric cars available) achieves a stated range of 250 miles, not far off the ranges achieved by electric vehicles at the top end of the market – the Tesla Model S achieves a stated range of 380 miles.

Batteries

The batteries in an electric vehicle can be the single most expensive component, so understandably there are concerns about their durability. It was thought that battery capacity would significantly reduce over time with frequent charging cycles, and that degradation would soon be apparent so that a full charge would offer less range compared to new.

However, batteries in the first and second generation of new electric vehicles are ageing much better than expected, so owners are finding that battery durability is less of a concern. Many electric vehicle manufacturers are now providing improved battery warranties, for example the Hyundai Ioniq comes with a 5 year unlimited mileage warranty and a specific battery warranty of 8 years or 125,000 miles.